Hue is located
in Thua Thien prefecture and is in the central part of Vietnam. Located 660 km
from Ha Noi and 1080 km from Saigon, Hue has always been considered the fulcrum
of Vietnam's two rice baskets, the Red river delta and the Mekong delta. Hue
became the name of Vietnam's most well known ancient capital because of the
local mispronunciation of the word Hue in Thuan Hoa.
Since the 16th century, Thuan Hoa, due to its strategic location, has been a very prosperous area. The Nguyen Lord chose this area to be their headquarters. Nguyen Anh made it Vietnam's capital city in 1802 after he defeated the Tay Son and ascended to the throne with the name Gia Long. King Gia Long (1762-1819) was credited for building and fortifying Hue from the very beginning. Since then, successive king of the Nguyen Dynasty has added to the foundation set by his predecessors.
Ngo Mon was constructed in 1833
during the reign of Emperor Minh Mang. The gate leads to the Imperial
Palace and was the observation point for the Emperor to review his troops
and for ceremonial use.
Toc Dai (Long Hair)
The Palace of Supreme Harmony houses the thrones of the 13 emperors in the Nguyen Dynasty from Gia long to Bao Dai. It was built in 1805. The palace and San Dai Trieu (Esplanade of Great Salutation) were the site for all major festivities such as Coronation Ceremony, the Emperor's birthday, and where the king held court during the first and fifteen day of the lunar month. On these occasions, the king sat on the throne located in the palace, and the mandarins lined the court according to their rank and title from first to ninth grade, civil mandarins on the left and military mandarins on the right.
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